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During the s and s, the United States military Joint Army and Navy Board developed a number of color-coded war plans that outlined potential U. The plans, developed by the Joint Planning Committee which later became the Joint Chiefs of Staffwere officially withdrawn in at the outbreak of World War II in favor of five Rainbow Plans developed to meet the threat of a two-ocean war against multiple enemies. The use of colors for U. At the end ofthe Joint Board adopted a system of colors, symbols, and abbreviated names to represent countries.
In all the plans the U.
Aglia & Dressed Aglia
The plan that received the most consideration was War Plan Orangea series of contingency plans for fighting a war with Japan alone,  outlined unofficially in and officially in War Plan Red was a plan for war against the British Empire.
Irelandat the time a free state within the British Empire, was named "Emerald". War Plan Black was a plan for war with Germany. Many of the war plans were extremely unlikely given the state of international relations in the s, and were entirely in keeping with the military planning of other nation-states. Often, junior military officers were given the task of updating each plan to keep them trained and busy especially in the case of War Plan Crimson, the invasion of Canada.
Some of the war plan colors were revised over time, possibly resulting in confusion. Although the US had fought its most recent war against Germany and would fight another within twenty years, intense domestic pressure emerged for the Army to halt when it became known that the Army was constructing a plan for a war with Germany; isolationists opposed any consideration of involvement in a future European conflict. This may have encouraged the Army to focus on more speculative scenarios for planning exercises.
During the s, relations between Mexico and the United States were often volatile. InU. President William Howard Taft considered sending an expeditionary force to protect foreign-owned property from damage during the Mexican Revolution. Thus War Plan Green was developed. InBritish intelligence intercepted a telegram from the German foreign ministry to its embassy in Mexico City offering an alliance against the United States and assistance in the Mexican reconquest of the Southwest.
Relations with Mexico remained tense into the s and s. In doing so, parts of "Gray" and "Purple", plans were considered although never officially activated. This was the contingency which most worried U. Although the Anglo-Japanese Alliance was terminated by the Four-Power TreatyAmerican generals did not rule out the possibility of Britain wanting to seek an alliance with Japan again if war ever broke out.
Japan had used the opportunity afforded by World War I to establish itself as a major power and a strategic rival in the Pacific Ocean. After the war, most American officials and planners considered a war with Japan to be highly likely.
The fear lessened when the civilian government of Japan temporarily halted its program of military expansion, which was not to resume until War Plan Orange was the longest and most-detailed of the colored plans. However, following the events in Europe in and the Anschlussthe Munich Agreementthe German occupation of Czechoslovakiaand the Molotov—Ribbentrop PactAmerican war planners realized that the United States faced the possibility of war on multiple fronts against a coalition of enemies.
United States color-coded war plans
Therefore, the Joint Planning Board developed a new series of war plans, the "Rainbow" plans  —the term being a play on the multiple "color" plans that had been drawn up previously. The assumptions and plans for Rainbow 5 were discussed extensively in the Plan Dog memowhich concluded ultimately that the United States would adhere to a Europe first strategy in World War II.
Plans for Rainbow Five were published by the press in early December According to the public intelligence site, Global Security,  the following plans are known to have existed:.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Archived from the original PDF on Bradley, Thomas E.
Griess, Jack W. Archived from the original on Retrieved War Plan Orange: The U. Strategy to Defeat Japan, —Colors of the rainbow in order comprise 7 colors: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet. Each of these colors have their respective meanings. Let's learn more about them Rainbows are indeed a glorious sight to experience and are said to symbolize peace and jollity. They are used to drive home various points during television shows and even in art, music and video games, wherein, they are used to symbolize something to come, something of the past or to convey a message.
Moreover, rainbows also have religious significance! Would you like to write for us?
Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. Get in touch with us and we'll talk Moreover, the beauty and magnificence of the rainbow has granted it a special place in mythology. Rainbows are relevant in the modern times as well. In fact, since the s, rainbows are also a popular symbol with the gay community.
A rainbow is formed by the reflection and refraction of sunlight in raindrops. When a ray of light enters a raindrop, it bends and gets separated into its constituent colors. How many colors are there in a rainbow? Moreover, each of these colors have their own meanings. This is the color with the longest wavelength, and is the nearest visible light to infrared in the electromagnetic spectrum. The color red stands for enthusiasm, passion, anger, energy and security. It educes extreme emotions in people and being a color of passion can lead to hostility, violence and warfare.
It even stands for the flush of love that transcends time red roses symbolize undying love and is also a symbol of courage, sacrifice, life blood of life is red and death. Red stands for cupid on one end and the devil on the other.
This color is a warm and vibrant color, formed by the combination of red and yellow. The cheerfulness of yellow blends into the aggressiveness of red and calms it. Orange stands for endurance, perseverance and strength! Mostly associated with the Sun, yellow is that bright color associated with clarity of thought and awareness.
It symbolizes cheerfulness, energy, orderliness and memory improvement. This color enhances and activates the different body systems. The merging of yellow and blue brings about the lovely shade of green. This color is located exactly at the midpoint of the color balance, that is between red and violet on the color spectrum. Green stands for growth, expansion, health, abundance, balance, fertility, sympathy and harmony. This cool, refreshing color is a symbol of spring and renewal of life.
Those who recycle are said to be the ones living green. The human eye is capable of recognizing more variation in the color green than in any other color.
Though this color is associated with spring, this color has another aspect to it; green is also the color of envy.
This cool color of divinity stands for peace, tranquility, stability and harmony. It also stands for loyalty and trust. Blue is associated with the color of distance, for example, color of the oceans, skies and heavens.
Its energy enables people to look past their current situation, into the unknown.Urine color generally ranges from a pale-yellow color to deep amber. This coloring is primarily caused by the pigment urochrome, also known as urobilin. Whether your urine is diluted by water or in a more concentrated form determines the appearance of the pigment. The more water you drink, and the more hydrated you become, the lighter the pigment in your urine.
The pigments and chemical compounds in the foods you eat and the medications you take also alter the color of your urine. Certain changes in color may be a sign of an underlying medical condition. The amount of water you drink influences whether the color is a pale yellow or a dark amber.
People who drink more water and stay hydrated typically produce more diluted, pale urine compared to those who are dehydrated or consume less water.
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You should also see a doctor if your urine is redblue, or green. When you drink lots of water, your urine can become so light that it appears to be almost clear. The less water you drink, the darker your urine will become. Diet can also be a factor. The color of all-natural foods such as berries and beets can interact with pigment to create a different color.
Heavily processed foods can contain high amounts of food dye. This dye will interact with the pigment as well. B vitamins, such as riboflavin B-2 and cobalamin Bare also known for causing fluorescent yellow-green urine.
If you take supplements or multivitaminsthey may be the source of your brightly colored urine. Meal replacement shakeswhich are also fortified with B vitamins, can have the same effect. Beta carotene, which is converted to vitamin A in the body, is found in yellow and orange foods such as carrots and sweet potatoes.
In addition to citrus fruits, vitamin C is also found in foods such as tomatoesstrawberriesand broccoli. Extreme exercise without proper hydration can cause a serious condition that leads to muscle breakdown. This can cause severe muscle pain along with cola- or tea-colored urine.
Fluorescent yellow / #ccff00 hex color
If this occurs, you should seek immediate medical attention. Over-the-counter and prescription medications can also make your urine bright or more vivid. This includes antibiotics, laxativesand certain chemotherapy drugs used to treat cancer. For example, the medication phenazopyridine Pyridium is commonly used to treat the discomfort associated with urinary tract infections UTIs. A common side effect of its usage is orange-colored urine.
Changes in the color of your urine could be a sign of troubles with your kidneyliveror bladder function. If your urine becomes cloudy or develops a strong odoryou may have a bladder or kidney infection.
Anecdotal evidence suggests that bright-yellow urine may be an early symptom of pregnancy. However, there are no studies to support these claims. Your age and your sex may raise your risk for conditions that can affect the color of your urine.General Education. But what are the colors of the rainbow in order? And what causes a rainbow to form? This means that every rainbow you see will have these seven colors in this order from the top of the arc of the rainbow to the bottom of the arc.
I'm willing to bet you can readily envision most, if not all, of these seven colors of the rainbow. But many people get confused about the color indigo and how it differs from blue and violet. Most people seem to agree that indigo is closer to a deep or dark blue than it is a more purple or violet color, but there's still debate even about this!
You now know the rainbow color order, but what exactly causes a rainbow to form? And why does a rainbow contain these seven colors in this order specifically? To answer these questions, we'll go all the way back to English scientist and mathematician Isaac Newton.
Newton conducted many experiments with light, which are summarized in his book Opticksand discovered that when clear white light passes through a prism, it refracts into different colors in a particular order, or what we know as a rainbow.
This means that white light is not actually white but is composed of a humongous spectrum of colors! These colors make up the visible light spectrum; it's the part of the electromagnetic spectrum that human eyes can see. All colors in the visible light spectrum travel at different wavelengths, with red having the longest wavelength at around nanometers and violet having the shortest at around nanometers.
These wavelengths bend at different angles when passing through a prism, and this is what causes the rainbow color order to look the way it does. Newton is the one who decided to interpret the rainbow order in terms of seven unique colors —ROYGBIV— but the truth is that rainbows consist of more than a million colorsmany of which are invisible to the human eye!
In addition, some colors, such as pink and brown, are indeed visible to the human eye but do not have their own wavelengths and can only be made when combining certain wavelengths. For example, pink is created by combining red, green, and blue wavelengths. So how is a natural rainbow made — you know, those rainbows we see in the sky?
Rainbows form naturally when sunlight passes through water droplets in the sky, causing the light to refract and reflect, typically in the form of an arc.
Therefore, your chance of seeing a rainbow will be highest on sunny, rainy days. But as I mentioned above, there are actually a lot more than just seven colors in the rainbow. Indeed, many people still struggle to distinguish indigo from violet and blue!
Many modern portrayals of the rainbow have just six colors — red, orange, yellow, green, blue, and violet — opting to leave out indigo entirely.
For example, the LGBT rainbow flag goes directly from blue to violet, without indigo. The LGBT rainbow flag at a gay pride parade. So why do we still include indigo in the rainbow color order, especially if so many people think of it as nothing more than a transitional color between blue and violet?
Got other questions about science? Check out our guides on the scientific method and how to convert between nanometers and meters. Thinking of taking an AP science exam?
Want to know how to say things in other languages? Learn 10 essential Japanese greetings and the different ways you can say, "Hello! She is passionate about education, writing, and travel. How to Get a Perfectby a Perfect Scorer. Score on SAT Math. Score on SAT Reading. Score on SAT Writing. What ACT target score should you be aiming for?Log in to add products to your Wish List! The Mepps Aglia spinner is the original French spinner.
It is the World's 1 Lure. More trophy fish have been caught on the Mepps Aglia than any other lure. The Mepps Aglia is extremely popular with fishermen world-wide because it will catch just about any freshwater fish and many species of saltwater fish.
Lure size is important. The rule of thumb is use smaller lures to catch smaller fish and larger lures to catch larger fish. Keep in mind plain spinners present a smaller profile than dressed spinners, so they will appear smaller to the fish. This makes them perfect for panfish and small stream trout. Fishing with dressed spinners can produce larger fish, but, when stream trout fishing, you will probably catch more fish using plain spinners.
Mepps plain treble or single hook Aglias in size 00 or 0 are perfect for panfish bluegills or sunfish and small stream trout. They are very light, however, and require a nimble rod, equipped with a light action reel spooled with light line; nothing heavier than six-pound-test. Two-pound-test to four-pound-test is better. Aglias in size 1 and 2 are perfect for larger stream trout and large bluegills, sunfish and crappies.
Size 2 Aglias are also excellent for smallmouth bass and walleye. These sizes are ideal for teaching youngsters the basics of spinner fishing, as they are heavy enough to cast well with light tackle, yet they are small enough to catch a wide variety of fish.
Size 4 and 5 Aglias are ideal for large rainbow trout and steelhead, as well as coho silver and chinook king salmon. Mepps single hook Aglias can be used virtually anywhere single hook lures are required. They are perfect for Alaska. Mepps dressed Aglia spinners come in sizes 00 through 5. These little trout and panfish lures are dressed with natural hackle.
They are also available as wooly worms. The hooks on dressed Aglias in sizes 1- 5 are dressed with natural squirrel tail or bucktail. Dressed Aglias Ultra Lites and Wooly Worms in size 00 or 0 are perfect for panfish bluegills or sunfish and small stream trout.
Dressed Aglias in size 1 and 2 are perfect for larger stream trout and large bluegills, sunfish and crappies.Statistics is an inherent part of UNCTAD. MoreEconomic Development in Africa Report 2017: "Tourism for transformative and inclusive growth.
It has become a key contributor to the continent's GDP and generates more than 21 million jobs. And importantly, intra-African tourism is rising. Data on intra-African and intra-regional tourism have been specifically compiled for the 2017 Economic development in Africa Report. MoreThe UNCTAD Development and Globalization: Facts and Figures 2016 is dedicated to the Sustainable Development Goals that were adopted by the United Nations in September 2015 (2030 Agenda Declaration).
UNCTAD is responsible for dealing with economic and sustainable development issues with a focus on trade, finance, investment and technology. Through these actions, UNCTAD contributes to progress on 52 specific Sustainable Development Goal targets, grouped under 10 of the 17 SDGs. MoreUNCTAD assists national statistical agencies in developing and transition countries in their data collection and dissemination efforts. In cooperation with UN agencies, development banks and other international organisations, such as Eurostat.
UNCTAD coordinates technical cooperation activities with donors and other organisations to avoid duplication of work and to encourage complementarity and synergy. For this purpose UNCTAD contributes to the Partner Report on Support to Statistics (PRESS) maintained by Paris21, which provides a snapshot of support to statistical capacity development worldwide and, thus, is a valuable tool for collaboration building among statistical international organisations.
More MoreThere are several common ongoing projects in the area of data quality improvement, statistics dissemination and communication, education:MoreExplore UNCTAD statistics in our data centre, compare key indicators from countries all over the world in our Country Profiles and discover a selection of key facts in our infrographic library. Container port throughput in 2016: In 2016, Asian economies continue dominating the global port traffic. Four out of the five economies with the most port traffic were from Asia.
The global leader, China, recorded a total of 200 million TEU - four times the port traffic of the United States (48 million TEU). Total merchandise trade in 2016: New data show a decrease of total merchandise trade by 3. Especially the drop of LDCs' and LLDCs' exports turns out less severe. The new figures rely on a broader basis of input data than the spring release. World Toilet Day is about inspiring action to tackle the global sanitation crisis.
More Statistics and SDGs The UNCTAD Development and Globalization: Facts and Figures 2016 is dedicated to the Sustainable Development Goals that were adopted by the United Nations in Office 365 powershell 2015 (2030 Agenda Declaration). Statistics capacity building UNCTAD assists national statistical agencies in developing and transition countries in their data collection and dissemination efforts.
UEMOA - International Trade in Services Statistics E-learning Tool on international trade in services statistics More. NewsTrade and Development in Numbers: Handbook offers crucial economic data for global decision-makersUNCTAD has launched its annual Handbook of Statistics in a new, user-friendly format to celebrate its fiftieth year of publication. The 2017 edition has been overhauled entirely to make it shorter and easier to read, and features a wealth of maps, charts, and infographics.
More Statistics capacity building UNCTAD assists national statistical agencies in developing and transition countries in their data collection and dissemination efforts. Latest key facts Container port throughput in 2016: In 2016, Asian economies continue dominating the global port traffic.Discuss how good you feel when you take care of yourself how you can run, jump, play and work for many hours.
Turn chores like brushing teeth, putting away toys, wiping up spills, and caring for pets into fun experiences that your child will enjoy. Break the activities down into manageable steps so that your child learns to develop plans. Help your child steer clear of dangerous substances that exist in her immediate world. Point out poisonous and harmful chemicals commonly found in homes, such as bleach, kitchen cleansers and furniture polish.
Explain that she should only eat or smell food or a medicine from a doctor that you, a relative or other known caregivers give to her. Also, explain that drugs from the doctor help the person the doctor gives them to but that they can harm someone else. Help your child understand the difference between make-believe and real life. Ask your child what he thinks about a TV program or story.
Let your child know about your likes and dislikes. Discuss how violence or bad decisions can hurt people.
Turn frustration into a learning opportunity. If a tower of blocks keeps collapsing during a play session, work with your child to find possible solutions to the problem. Tips for Conversations with Your Early Elementary School Child Talk to your kids about the drug-related messages they receive through advertisements, the news media and entertainment sources.
Keep your discussions about substances focused on the present long-term consequences are too distant to have any meaning. Talk about the differences between the medicinal uses and illegal uses of drugs, and how drugs can negatively impact the families and friends of people who use them.
Set clear rules and explain the reasons for your rules. If you use tobacco or alcohol, be mindful of the message you are sending to your children.
Work on problem solving: Help them find long-lasting solutions to homework trouble, a fight with a friend, or in dealing with a bully. Be sure to point out that quick fixes are not long-term solutions. Give your kids the power to escape from situations that make them feel bad.
Check in once in awhile to make sure they are giving their children the same kinds of messages you give your children. The following scripts will help you get conversations going with your 9- to 12-year-old: Scenario Your child is just starting middle school and you know that eventually, he will be offered drugs and alcohol.
Research shows that kids are less likely to use tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs if their parents have established a pattern of setting clear rules and consequences for breaking those rules. Offset those feelings with a lot of positive comments about who he is as an individual and not just when he brings home an A. Tell them about the smelly hair and ashtray breath caused by cigarettes.
Check in by phone or a visit once in awhile to make sure they are on the same page with prohibiting drug or alcohol use, particularly when their home is to be used for a party or sleepover. Help children separate reality from fantasy. Watch TV and movies with them and ask lots of questions to reinforce the distinction between the two.
Remember to include advertising in your discussions, as those messages are especially powerful. How to Talk about Marijuana For a comprehensive discussion guide, including common teen questions and suggested responses, download our complete Marijuana Talk Kit. Get the marijuana talk kit now What to Say to Your Teenager About Drugs (13-18 year olds) This is a pivotal time for parents in helping kids make positive choices when faced with drugs and alcohol. What to Say High school is going to be a ton of fun, and we want you to have a great time.
What to Say It seems like you are hanging with a different crowd than you have in the past.